Communism And The Emergence Of Democracy

Communism and the Emergence of Democracy PDF
Author: Harald Wydra
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139462180
Size: 54.85 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages :

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Communism And The Emergence Of Democracy

by Harald Wydra, Communism And The Emergence Of Democracy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Communism And The Emergence Of Democracy books, Before democracy becomes an institutionalised form of political authority, the rupture with authoritarian forms of power causes deep uncertainty about power and outcomes. This 2007 book connects the study of democratisation in eastern Europe and Russia to the emergence and crisis of communism. Wydra argues that the communist past is not simply a legacy but needs to be seen as a social organism in gestation, where critical events produce new expectations, memories and symbols that influence meanings of democracy. By examining a series of pivotal historical events, he shows that democratisation is not just a matter of institutional design, but rather a matter of consciousness and leadership under conditions of extreme and traumatic incivility. Rather than adopting the opposition between non-democratic and democratic, Wydra argues that the communist experience must be central to the study of the emergence and nature of democracy in (post-) communist countries.



Politics And The Sacred

Politics and the Sacred PDF
Author: Harald Wydra
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781139871730
Size: 79.44 MB
Format: PDF
Category : BODY, MIND & SPIRIT
Languages : en
Pages : 276

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Politics And The Sacred

by Harald Wydra, Politics And The Sacred Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Politics And The Sacred books, "This path-breaking book argues that practices of the sacred are constitutive of modern secular politics. Following a tradition of enquiry in anthropology and political theory, it examines how limit situations shape the political imagination and collective identity. As an experiential and cultural fact, the sacred emerges within, and simultaneously transcends, transgressive dynamics such as revolutions, wars, or globalisation. Rather than conceive the sacred as a religious doctrine or a metaphysical belief, Wydra examines its adaptive functions as origins, truths, and order which are historically contingent across time and transformative of political aspirations. He suggests that the brokenness of political reality is a permanent condition of humanity, which will continue to produce quests for the sacred, and transcendental political frames. This book examines the secular sources of political theologies, the democratic sacred, the communist imagination, European political identity, the sources of human rights, and the relationship of victimhood to new wars"--



Eclipse And Re Emergence Of The Communist Movement

Eclipse and Re emergence of the Communist Movement PDF
Author: Gilles Dauve
Publisher: PM Press
ISBN: 1629630438
Size: 42.74 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 176

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Eclipse And Re Emergence Of The Communist Movement

by Gilles Dauve, Eclipse And Re Emergence Of The Communist Movement Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Eclipse And Re Emergence Of The Communist Movement books, The original essays included here were first written between 1969 and 1972 by people involved in the most radical aspects of the French general strike and circulated among left communist and worker circles. Over the years these three essays have been published separately in various languages and printed as books in both the U.S. and the UK with few changes. This third English edition is updated to take into account the contemporary political situation; half of the present volume is new material. The book argues that doing away with wage-labor, class, the State, and private property is necessary, possible, and can only be achieved by a historical break, one that would certainly differ from October 1917, yet it would not be a peaceful, gradual, piecemeal evolution either. Like their historical predecessors, the authors still believe in revolution.



Christian Democracy And The Fall Of Communism

Christian Democracy and the Fall of Communism PDF
Author: Michael Gehler
Publisher: Leuven University Press
ISBN: 9462702160
Size: 13.96 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 352

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Christian Democracy And The Fall Of Communism

by Michael Gehler, Christian Democracy And The Fall Of Communism Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Christian Democracy And The Fall Of Communism books, Debates on the role of Christian Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe too often remain strongly tied to national historiographies. With the edited collection the contributing authors aim to reconstruct Christian Democracy’s role in the fall of Communism from a bird's-eye perspective by covering the entire region and by taking “third-way” options in the broader political imaginary of late-Cold War Europe into account. The book’s twelve chapters present the most recent insights on this topic and connect scholarship on the Iron Curtain’s collapse with scholarship on political Catholicism. Christian Democracy and the Fall of Communism offers the reader a two-fold perspective. The first approach examines the efforts undertaken by Western European actors who wanted to foster or support Christian Democratic initiatives in Central and Eastern Europe. The second approach is devoted to the (re-)emergence of homegrown Christian Democratic formations in the 1980s and 1990s. One of the volume’s seminal contributions lies in its documentation of the decisive role that Christian Democracy played in supporting the political and anti-political forces that engineered the collapse of Communism from within between 1989 and 1991.



Postcommunism And The Theory Of Democracy

Postcommunism and the Theory of Democracy PDF
Author: Richard D. Anderson Jr.
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691230943
Size: 39.81 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 216

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Postcommunism And The Theory Of Democracy

by Richard D. Anderson Jr., Postcommunism And The Theory Of Democracy Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Postcommunism And The Theory Of Democracy books, Why did the wave of democracy that swept the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe starting more than a decade ago develop in ways unexpected by observers who relied on existing theories of democracy? In Postcommunism and the Theory of Democracy, four distinguished scholars conduct the first major assessment of democratization theory in light of the experience of postcommunist states. Richard Anderson, Steven Fish, Stephen Hanson, and Philip Roeder not only apply theory to practice, but using a wealth of empirical evidence, draw together the elements of existing theory into new syntheses. The authors each highlight a development in postcommunist societies that reveals an anomaly or lacuna in existing theory. They explain why authoritarian leaders abandon authoritarianism, why democratization sometimes reverses course, how subjects become citizens by beginning to take sides in politics, how rulers become politicians by beginning to seek popular support, and not least, how democracy becomes consolidated. Rather than converging on a single approach, each author shows how either a rationalist, institutionalist, discursive, or Weberian approach sheds light on this transformation. They conclude that the experience of postcommunist democracy demands a rethinking of existing theory. To that end, they offer rich new insights to scholars, advanced students, policymakers, and anyone interested in postcommunist states or in comparative democratization.



War Or Peace

War Or Peace PDF
Author: Steven L. Burg
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814712703
Size: 68.97 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 258

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War Or Peace

by Steven L. Burg, War Or Peace Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download War Or Peace books, For over forty years, Western policymakers defined communism as the central threat to international peace and stability, and confronted this perceived danger with a counter-balancing threat of force and an aggressive strategy of containment. Today, Soviet expansionism has been supplanted by powerful internal forces arising out of the clash of competing ethnic nationalisms. This new threat, argues Steven L. Burg, cannot be met by force alone, nor can it be neutralized through a simple, uniform strategy of containment. It requires Western states to act decisively to monitor and influence the internal political development of the post-communist states themselves. In this ambitious volume, Burg comprehensively surveys the challenges that ethnic diversity in Eastern Europe presents to domestic stability, international peace, and American interests. He suggests practical policies through which the United States and its allies might contribute to the consolidation of peace in the region, and offers a strategy of "preventive engagement" by which policymakers can attempt to stem conflicts such as the one that destroyed the former Yugoslavia. War or Peace? concludes with an "American strategy for peace," proposing clear guidelines to instruct both interested citizens and national policymakers as they attempt to grapple with the complexities of ethnic and nationalist politics in Europe. Burg outlines a persuasive plan for better dealing with current challenges to both domestic and international stability and achieving a stable framework for international peace.



Democracy And Myth In Russia And Eastern Europe

Democracy and Myth in Russia and Eastern Europe PDF
Author: Alexander Wöll
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134089074
Size: 59.98 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 240

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Democracy And Myth In Russia And Eastern Europe

by Alexander Wöll, Democracy And Myth In Russia And Eastern Europe Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Democracy And Myth In Russia And Eastern Europe books, In the absence of democratic state institutions, eastern European countries were considered to possess only myths of democracy. Working on the premise that democracy is not only an institutional arrangement but also a civilisational project, this book argues that mythical narratives help understanding the emergence of democracy without ‘democrats’. Examining different national traditions as well as pre-communist and communist narratives, myths are seen as politically fabricated ‘programmes of truth’ that form and sustain the political imagination. Appearing as cultural, literary, or historical resources, myths amount to ideology in narrative form, which actors use in political struggles for the sake of achieving social compliance and loyalty with the authority of new political forms. Drawing on a wide range of case studies including Ukraine, Russia, Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia, this book argues that narratives about the past are not simply ‘legacies’ of former regimes but have actively shaped representations and meanings of democracy in the region. Taking different theoretical and methodological approaches, the power of myth is explored for issues such as leadership, collective identity-formation, literary representation of heroic figures, cultural symbolism in performative art as well as on the constitution of legitimacy and civic identity in post-communist democracies.



Economic Institutions And Democratic Reform

Economic Institutions and Democratic Reform PDF
Author: Ole Nørgaard
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN:
Size: 64.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 251

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Economic Institutions And Democratic Reform

by Ole Nørgaard, Economic Institutions And Democratic Reform Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download Economic Institutions And Democratic Reform books, Explores the political consequences of economic reform in some 20 post-communist countries, using primary quantitative data and statistical analyses to demonstrate that there is no universally applicable economic reform strategy and that popular democracy is often the foundation of a successful economy. Shows that generalized models are not productive when studying the complexity of post- communist transformation, and argues that danger to democracy comes from the alienation of citizens and the collapse of public service and education systems. The author is research professor at the University of Aarhus, Denmark. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR



The General Will

The General Will PDF
Author: Andrew Levine
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521443227
Size: 78.51 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 222

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The General Will

by Andrew Levine, The General Will Books available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Download The General Will books, This bold and unabashedly utopian book advances the thesis that Marx's notion of communism is a defensible, normative ideal. However, unlike many others who have written in this area, Levine applies the tools and techniques of analytic philosophy to formulate and defend his radical, political program. The argument proceeds by filtering the ideals and institutions of Marxism through Rousseau's notion of the "general will." Once Rousseau's ideas are properly understood it is possible to construct a community of equals who share some vision of a common good that can be achieved and maintained through cooperation or coordination that is at once both voluntary and authoritative. The book engages with liberal theory in order to establish its differences from Rousseauean-Marxian political theory. This provocative book will be of particular interest to political philosophers and political scientists concerned with Marxism, socialist theory, and democratic theory.